Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Tartariae, promo

Collection: Osher Sheet Map Collection

Title: Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Tartariae, promontorij Tabin, freti Anian atque regionis Bargi et partis Americae versus orientem, Authore Wilhelmo Bernardo Amstelredamo expertissimo pilota.

Title Translation: Map outlining the third voyage by the Dutch, to the Northern regions, Norway, Moscow, and New Semble, and through the Weygates strait, and also parts of Greenland, below 80 degrees, and the adjacent parts of Tartary, Tabin promontories, strait of Anian and Bargi regions and America towards the east, author Willem Barentsz Amsterdam expert captain

Alternative Title: Beschryvinghe van de drie seylagien door de Hollanders gedaen ande Noordt syde van Noorweghen, Moscovia, nova Sembla, ende door de Weygats ofte Straite de Nassou so mede het deel van Groenlandt op de 80 graeden ende de omleggende gresen van Tartaryen, ende de Capo Tabin ende des landtschaps Bargi, so oock het Oostersche deel van America: door Willem Barents van Amstelredam de vermaerde Piloot

Barcode: 341

Creator: Barentsz, Willem, approximately 1550-1597

Printmaker: Duetecum, Baptista

Publisher: Claesz, Cornelis, approximately 1546-1609

Publishing Location: Amsterdam

Region Depicted: Greenland · Iceland · Norway · Sweden · Finland · Denmark · Scandinavia · Russia · Alaska · Arctic regions · Arctic Ocean · North Pole · Northwest Passage · Scotland · Davis Strait

Date Produced: 1598

Date Published: 1598

Language: Dutch

Historical Context: A major milestone in Arctic cartography, this map illustrates details of Willem BarentszÂ’s third voyage to this region from 1596 to 1597. Barentsz believed that a Northeastern Passage to the Pacific existed in the Arctic waters, reasoning that, because the ocean was exposed to the sun for 24 hours a day during summer, it must consist of open waters above Siberia. During the last decade of the 16th century, Barentsz made three voyages into regions surrounding the North Pole. On his third voyage, after becoming stuck on the ice and forced to winter in the Arctic, Barentsz utilized his excess time creating an elaborate and highly decorative manuscript map illustrating his observations; his map contains numerous pictures of sea monsters, ships, whales, and an island named "Polus Magnetis." Additionally the map also contains the mythical island of Frisland (Friesland) in the northwest Atlantic, the mythical Estotiland of the apocryphal 14th-century voyage by the Venetian brothers Zeno. This map became the foundation on which all further eastern Arctic exploration was predicated, making it one of the most consequential maps of its era.

Subjects: Barentsz, Willem, approximately 1550-1597 · Claesz, Cornelis, approximately 1546-1609 · Greenland · Iceland · Norway · Sweden · Finland · Denmark · Scandinavia · Russia · Alaska · Arctic regions · Arctic Ocean · North Pole · Northwest Passage · Scotland · Davis Strait · Imaginary places · Geographical myths · Exploration and discovery · Maps--Early works to 1800

Map Type: Geographical

Dimensions: 46 x 60 cm.

Printing Process: Engraving

Printing Technique: Copper

Material Type: Paper

Notes: Note: "Auctore Wilhelmo Bernardo. Cornelius Nicolai excudebat. Baptista a? Doetechum schulp. a[superscript]o? 1598." Based on Willem Barentsz' earlier edition. Parallel titles in Latin and Dutch.

Brief Description: Map of the Arctic regions including Greenland, Iceland, northern Scandinavia, and northern Russia, and northern North America. Includes the imaginary island of Frisland, as well as the routes of the Dutch ships of Barentz's third voyage from 1596-1597.

Physical Description: 1 map: illustrated

Theme: Dutch Golden Age (17th-18th Century)

Associated Cartouche: Cartouche 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium parti , Cartouche 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium parti

Associated Map Imagery: Seals 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Seals 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Seals 3, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Walruses 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partiu , Walruses 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partiu , Seals 4, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Walruses 3, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partiu , Sea Monster 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 3, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 4, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 5, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 6, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 7, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 8, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Sea Monster 9, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium par , Whale 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Whale 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Whale 3, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium T , Sleigh and Reindeer, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacenti , Ship 1, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Ta , Ship 2, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Ta , Ship 3, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Ta , Ship 4, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Ta , Ship 5, 1598, Deliniatio cartae trium navigationum per Batavos, ad Septentrionalem plagam, Norvegiae, Moscoviae, et novae Semblae, et perque fretum Weygatis Nassovicum dictum, ac huxta Groenlandiam, sub altitudine 80 graduum nec non adiacentium partium Ta

Collection/Donor: Osher

Permanent URL: http://www.oshermaps.org/map/341.0001