Tabula Anemographica Seu Pyxis Navtica Ventorum nomina sex linguis repraesentans

Collection: Smith Sheet Map Collection

Title: Tabula Anemographica Seu Pyxis Navtica Ventorum nomina sex linguis repraesentans

Title Translation: Antique map or sea compass, wind names represented in six languages

Barcode: 1777

Creator: Jansson, Jan, 1588-1664

Publishing Location: Amsterdam

Date Produced: circa 1680

Date Published: circa 1680

Language: Latin

Historical Context: Over the centuries, an increased diversity of names for the winds and ambiguity about the direction they came from, produced a multitude of different wind systems. To create order out of the tangled confusion of names and directions, cartographers produced wind roses such as this by Jan Jansson in 1650. Thirty-two points (directions) are shown and labeled with various directional names for the winds. But to sailors plying the waters of the open oceans, a wind blowing from Thrace (Thracias) lost all relevance in defining direction. Eventually, the wind rose, overburdened by a multiplicity of names and obtuse symbolism, gave way to the directional system of north, east, south, and west, with their intermediate compounds, as used today. Note the fledgling emergence at the perimeter of the circle of a more abstract directional system--degrees of arc of a circle. Even here, the cartographer is unable to resist introducing variations. In the areas surrounding the ring, each wind is personified by a figure bearing the racial characteristics associated with the region or direction represented. The upper left quadrant, representing north, depicts bearded Germans or Scandinavians. The upper right, representing east, shows beardless dark skinned faces. The beardless and pale skinned figures in the lower left and right, representing west and south, are less distinguishable but are possibly intended to represent indigenous Americans and Greeks.

Subjects: Cardinal points · Winds · Anthropomorphism · Jansson, Jan, 1588-1664

Map Type: Thematic

Dimensions: 44 x 55 cm

Printing Process: Engraving

Printing Technique: Copper

Material Type: Paper

Notes: "Note: "Amstelodami Apud Joan. Janssonium." From: Atlas novus, ca. 1680

Brief Description: Colored map of the winds representations of the East and West are larger than the rest. Nautical winds are illustrated by wind heads.

Physical Description: 1 map: colored (hand-applied, full), illustrated

Theme: Dutch Golden Age (17th-18th Century)

Collection/Donor: Smith

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