Collection: Osher Sheet Map Collection
Title: Septentrionalivm Terrarvm descriptio. Per Gerardum Mercatorem Cum Privilegio
Title Translation: A representation of the Northern regions. By Gerhard Mercator with privilege
Alternative Title: Pole Arctique et la description de terres septentrionales
Publisher: Hondius, Hendrik, 1597-1651
Publishing Location: Amsterdam
Region Depicted: Arctic regions · Iceland · Norway · Sweden · Finland · Denmark · Scandinavia · Russia · Alaska · Arctic Ocean · North Pole · Northwest Passage · Canada · Northwest Territories · Yukon · Nunavut
Date Produced: 1595
Date Published: 1633
Historical Context: This landmark map was the first individually printed map to focus on the Arctic. Depicted as it was described in legends, the North Pole appears as a massive rock surrounded by circulating waters, which feed four rivers between four large islands. Interestingly, Magnetic North is denoted with a separate island between Asia and North America, just north of the Strait of Anian. The map also depicts the attempts of Frobisher and Davis to locate the northern passages to Asia. In the North Atlantic, an interestingly-shaped Greenland looms over Iceland and the mythical island of Frisland. Iceland is drawn similarly to its depictions on the maps of Ortelius, derived from indigenous sources, and several named towns are imagined on the island of Frisland. Frisland is shown again in one of the four roundels at the corners of the map?s florally decorated border; the other three roundels feature the Faeroe Isles, the Shetland Isles, and the title of the map.
Map Type: Geographical
Dimensions: 1 hemisphere 35 cm. in diameter on sheet 37 x 39cm.
Printing Process: Engraving
Printing Technique: Copper
Material Type: Paper
Notes: Verso: Text in French
Brief Description: Circular map of the Arctic with corner inset maps.
Physical Description: 1 map; colored; illustrated
Permanent URL: https://oshermaps.org/map/393.0001