Carta seconda Generale del' America

Collection: Osher Sheet Map Collection

Title: Carta seconda Generale del' America

Title Translation: Second general map of America

Alternative Title: America Settentrionale

Barcode: 430

Creator: Dudley, Robert, Sir, 1574-1649

Printmaker: Lucini, Antonio Francesco, 1605-

Publishing Location: Florence

Region Depicted: Florida · Georgia · South Carolina · North Carolina · Virginia · Maryland · Delaware · New Jersey · New York (State) · Connecticut · Rhode Island · Massachusetts · New Hampshire · Maine · Nova Scotia · Maritime Provinces · Atlantic Coast (North America) · Canada

Date Produced: 1646

Date Published: 1646

Language: Italian

Historical Context: This is a reduced version of the earliest printed sea chart of the east coast of North America made by an Englishman and the first to use the Mercator projection. Its maker, Sir Robert Dudley (1574-1649), was a colorful figure in Elizabethan England. He was the illegitimate son of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I. Brilliant and ambitious, he became an extraordinarily skilled navigator, engineer, and chartmaker, and aspired to make a major voyage of discovery in the fashion of Sir Francis Drake. The high point of his career came in 1596 when he was knighted for his participation in a successful raid on Cadiz. He fell out of royal favor after a series of misadventures, in particular, his ill-considered support of the Essex rebellion against the Queen in 1601. Leaving England, he assumed the titles of Duke of Northumberland and Earl of Warwick, and entered the service of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. From 1606 until his death in 1649 he lived in Florence and was an influential member of the Court of the Medicis. His major accomplishment during his later years was the production of Dell'Arcano del Mare (Secrets of the Sea), a sea atlas and comprehensive treatise on navigation, shipbuilding, and naval organization. Published in 1646, this was the first sea atlas by an Englishman (expatriate notwithstanding) and the first printed sea atlas with world-wide coverage; it is generally considered to be the most distinguished of its time. The distinctive style of Dudley's charts, typical of Italian baroque art, is attributable to the elegant engraving of Antonio Francesco Lucini. It is believed that Lucini created this reduced version for a never-published "portable" edition of Dudley's sea atlas. This is one of two known examples, and the only copy in a public collection.

Subjects: Atlantic Coast (North America) · Canada · Dudley, Robert, Sir, 1574-1649 · Lucini, Antonio Francesco, 1605- · Coasts · Maps--Early works to 1800

Map Type: Geographical, Nautical charts

Dimensions: 23 x 21 cm.

Printing Process: Etching

Printing Technique: Copper

Material Type: Paper

Brief Description: Map of the Atlantic coast of North America from Florida to the mouth of the Saint Lawrence river. The map shows rivers along the coast, banks, reefs, and soundings.

Physical Description: 1 map

Theme: From Colonies to Local Control: Mapping North America, 1494 to 1867

Associated Map Imagery: Ship, 1646, Carta seconda Generale del' America

Collection/Donor: Osher

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